Παρασκευή, 28 Ιουνίου 2013

Ιστορική απόφαση για τα δικαιώματα των ομοφυλόφιλων στις ΗΠΑ


obama-usa
Ο πρόεδρος των Ηνωμένων Πολιτειών Αμερικής, Μπαράκ Ομπάμα, χαιρέτισε σήμερα την απόφαση του Ανωτάτου Δικαστηρίου βάσει της οποίας ο πολιτικός γάμος μεταξύ ανθρώπων του ιδίου φύλου θα εξασφαλίζει ισότιμα δικαιώματα
σε ευεργετήματα από το ομοσπονδιακό κράτος και διέταξε τον υπουργό Δικαιοσύνης Έρικ Χόλντερ να αναθεωρήσει όλους τους σχετικούς ομοσπονδιακούς νόμους ώστε να εξασφαλιστεί η εφαρμογή της απόφασης αυτής.
«Είμαστε ένας λαός που διακηρύσσουμε πως όλοι έχουν γεννηθεί ίσοι, και πως η αγάπη με την οποία δενόμαστε με τον άλλο είναι εξίσου ίση», δηλώνει στη γραπτή του δήλωση ο Ομπάμα, καθώς ενημερώθηκε για την ετυμηγορία μέσα στο αεροσκάφος καθ' οδόν προς την Αφρική.
Ο Ομπάμα υπογραμμίζει πως η απόφαση αφορά τους πολιτικούς γάμους και ο τρόπος με τον οποίο ορίζει την έννοια του γάμου και τελεί τις γαμήλιες τελετές κάθε θρησκεία εναπόκειται στους δικούς της εκκλησιαστικούς θεσμούς.
«Ήταν μία διάκριση καθαγιασμένη διά νόμου. Μεταχειριζόταν την αγάπη, τα αγαπημένα ζευγάρια του ιδίου φύλου ως ξεχωριστές και κατώτερες κατηγορίες ανθρώπων. Το Ανώτατο Δικαστήριο διόρθωσε αυτό το σφάλμα και η χώρα μας είναι καλύτερη μετά από αυτό», προσθέτει στην ανακοίνωσή του ο Ομπάμα.
Παράλληλα, οι προασπιστές της απαγόρευσης του γάμου των ομοφυλοφίλων στην Καλιφόρνια, γνωστοί ως κίνημα «Πρόταση 8», ανακοίνωσαν πως θα επιδιώξουν μία θωράκιση κι ενίσχυση της σχετικής απαγορευτικής νομοθεσίας έως ότου αρχίσει η επιβολή της νέας ετυμηγορίας σε πανεθνικό επίπεδο.
Η σχετική ανακοίνωση του Άντριου Πούγκνο, επικεφαλής της ProtectMarriage.com, ήλθε αμέσως μετά την απόφαση του Ανωτάτου Δικαστηρίου που καταργεί την «Πρόταση 8».
Στην ανακοίνωσή του αυτή, ο Πούγκνο δηλώνει πως η απόφαση του Ανωτάτου δικαστικού οργάνου της χώρας «δεν επιλύει άμεσα ζητήματα της δικαιοδοσίας» της προηγούμενης ετυμηγορίας χαμηλόβαθμου δικαστηρίου.
Πηγή: http://www.newsbeast.gr/world/arthro/550532/istoriki-apofasi-gia-ta-dikaiomata-ton-omofulofilon-stis-ipa/



APA PRAISES DOMA DECISION AS VICTORY FOR SCIENCE, HUMAN DIGNITY

WASHINGTON – The American Psychological Association commended Wednesday’s U.S. Supreme Court ruling that the federal Defense of Marriage Act is unconstitutional.
"The U.S. Supreme Court ruling today overturning the Defense of Marriage Act is a triumph for social science and recognition of the basic dignity of all American citizens," said APA President Donald N. Bersoff, PhD, JD. "The American Psychological Association is gratified that the court found there is no legitimate reason for denying equal treatment under federal law to same-sex couples."
APA filed "friend of the court" briefs in both the same-sex marriage cases decided by the court – Hollingsworth v. Perry, which challenged California’s Proposition 8, and U.S. v. Windsor, which challenged the federal Defense of Marriage Act. The court found the petitioners in the Proposition 8 case did not have legal standing to challenge a lower court decision finding that the referendum did not pass constitutional muster. The ruling in Perry that stands after today’s Supreme Court ruling includes extensive citations to social science research as the basis for its conclusion that Proposition 8 did not further a valid governmental purpose.
Denying recognition to legally married same-sex couples stigmatizes them, according to APA’s briefs. "Empirical research demonstrates that the psychological and social aspects of committed relationships between same-sex partners largely resemble those of heterosexual partnerships," the briefs stated. "Like heterosexual couples, same-sex couples form deep emotional attachments and commitments. Heterosexual and same-sex couples alike face similar issues concerning intimacy, love, equity, loyalty and stability, and they go through similar processes to address those issues."
The APA briefs cited empirical scientific evidence that demonstrates that "homosexuality is a normal expression of human sexuality, is generally not chosen and is highly resistant to change." Likewise, "there is no scientific basis for concluding that gay and lesbian parents are any less fit or capable than heterosexual parents, or that their children are any less psychologically healthy and well-adjusted," according to the briefs.
"In drawing conclusions, we rely on the best empirical research available, focusing on general patterns rather than any single study," the briefs stated. All the studies cited in the brief were critically evaluated to assess their methodology, including the reliability and validity of the measures and tests employed, and the quality of data-collection procedures and statistical analyses.
Bersoff noted that APA has a long history of supporting equal access to legal marriage based on years of scientific research. APA has supported legal benefits for same-sex couples since 1997 and civil marriage for same-sex couples since 2004. APA has adopted policy statements, lobbied Congress in opposition to the Defense of Marriage Act and the Federal Marriage Amendment, and filed amicus briefs supporting same-sex marriage in legal cases in Oregon, Washington, New Jersey, New York (three times), Maryland, Connecticut, Iowa, and California. In California, the APA brief was cited by the state Supreme Court when it ruled that same-sex marriage was legal in May 2008.
Joining APA in filing the Windsor and Perry briefs were: the American Academy of Pediatrics; American Medical Association; California Medical Association; American Psychiatric Association; American Psychoanalytic Association; and National Association of Social Workers. Also joining the Windsor brief were: the New York City and New York state chapters of the National Association of Social Workers and the New York State Psychological Association. Also joining the Perry brief were the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy; the California Chapter of NASW and the California Psychological Association.




The American Psychological Association, in Washington, D.C., is the largest scientific and professional organization representing psychology in the United States. APA's membership includes more than 134,000 researchers, educators, clinicians, consultants and students. Through its divisions in 54 subfields of psychology and affiliations with 60 state, territorial and Canadian provincial associations, APA works to advance the creation, communication and application of psychological knowledge to benefit society and improve people’s lives.
The White House
Wednesday, June 26, 2013

Here's President Obama's statement on the Supreme Court ruling on the Defense of Marriage Act 
President Obama released the statement below after the Supreme Court mades its ruling this morning on the Defense of Marriage Act. Check it out, then forward this message to share it with your friends. 
I applaud the Supreme Court’s decision to strike down the Defense of Marriage Act. This was discrimination enshrined in law. It treated loving, committed gay and lesbian couples as a separate and lesser class of people. The Supreme Court has righted that wrong, and our country is better off for it. We are a people who declared that we are all created equal – and the love we commit to one another must be equal as well. 
This ruling is a victory for couples who have long fought for equal treatment under the law; for children whose parents’ marriages will now be recognized, rightly, as legitimate; for families that, at long last, will get the respect and protection they deserve; and for friends and supporters who have wanted nothing more than to see their loved ones treated fairly and have worked hard to persuade their nation to change for the better.  
So we welcome today’s decision, and I’ve directed the Attorney General to work with other members of my Cabinet to review all relevant federal statutes to ensure this decision, including its implications for Federal benefits and obligations, is implemented swiftly and smoothly. 
On an issue as sensitive as this, knowing that Americans hold a wide range of views based on deeply held beliefs, maintaining our nation’s commitment to religious freedom is also vital. How religious institutions define and consecrate marriage has always been up to those institutions. Nothing about this decision – which applies only to civil marriages – changes that.   
The laws of our land are catching up to the fundamental truth that millions of Americans hold in our hearts: when all Americans are treated as equal, no matter who they are or whom they love, we are all more free.  
http://www.whitehouse.gov/doma-statement

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