Πέμπτη 25 Δεκεμβρίου 2014

Παιδιά για πέταμα / An Ohio transgender teen's suicide, a mother's anguish

Was Leelah Alcorn A Candle in the Wind or Will Her Hope Live On?

Transgender Human Rights Institute
Jan 6, 2015 — I can't sleep tonight. I keep thinking of Leelah's last minutes ten days ago walking along Interstate 71 feeling hopeless in the cold alone. I can't sleep because there are thousands of youth who are feeling the same hopelessness. Feeling alone and desperate.

We've received hundreds of stories from LGBTQ youth. Those who are terrified of their parents finding out they are transgender, or gay or lesbian or bisexual. Terrified that once their secret is out, they will face punishment for being the person they are. Worried about being taken to the counselors that will tell them they have to 'convert'.

I know your receive countless emails each day hearing the suffering that is taking place to so many. I know we become numb to the constant barrage of death, mayhem and destruction. Even now, last weeks headlines and concerns have been replaced by this weeks headlines and last week fades from our consciousness. But let us not let Leelah fade from our awareness and thoughts to become just another story you read about and soon forget.

I want to ask you to do something for 30 seconds at this moment. I ask you to close your eyes, imagine yourself walking down a dark highway, cold, lonely, hopeless and imagine what Leelah might have felt like. I ask you to take 30 seconds to consider what other youth are feeling in their rooms tonight, what thoughts they went to sleep with and wondering what to do with a problem that seems insurmountable.

Transgender youth have a 42% chance of making a suicide attempt. That is 4 out of every 10 transgender youth. Conversion therapy contributes to that risk substantially.

Together, we can tell the youth that tomorrow does get better and that very soon, Leelah's Law can get passed to protect them. But to do that, we have to not let Leelah fade from our memory and pass out of our willingness to stand up for her.

So what can you do?
Comment on this petition by sharing it on your social media. Share the petition. Tell all your friends what happened to Leelah. Tell your family about Leelah and educate them about Leelah's Law. Build the multiple voices into one loud voice telling every person you know- "We have to 'Fix Society'"

Allison Woolbert

Story highlights

  • Josh Alcorn felt like a "girl trapped in a boy's body," the teen's online suicide note says
  • Alcorn died after being struck by a tractor-trailer in what police are investigating as a suicide
  • Alcorn's mother said she loved her child unconditionally
When Josh Alcorn voiced a desire to live as a girl, the Ohio teenager's parents said they wouldn't stand for that.
"We don't support that, religiously," Alcorn's mother told CNN on Wednesday, her voice breaking. "But we told him that we loved him unconditionally. We loved him no matter what. I loved my son. People need to know that I loved him. He was a good kid, a good boy."
Crossing out the name "Josh," the 17-year-old signed the name "Leelah" in a suicide note posted to Tumblr.
The note was programmed to publish after Alcorn's death Sunday. The teenager was struck by a tractor-trailer on Interstate 71 about 2:15 a.m., about four miles from home in the tiny town of Kings Mills, northeast of Cincinnati.
The Ohio State Highway Patrol is investigating the death as a suicide.
"Please don't be sad, it's for the better. The life I would've lived isn't worth living in ... because I'm transgender," the note said. "I could go into detail explaining why I feel that way, but this note is probably going to be lengthy enough as it is. To put it simply, I feel like a girl trapped in a boy's body, and I've felt that way ever since I was 4. I never knew there was a word for that feeling, nor was it possible for a boy to become a girl, so I never told anyone and I just continued to do traditionally 'boyish' things to try to fit in."

    The teenager's death has ignited intensely emotional reactions across social media. The hashtag #LeelahAlcorn is carrying messages of support for all transgender people. Many posts are hateful and vengeful notes directed at the teen's parents.
    In her interview with CNN, Carla Alcorn referred to her child as her son and used male pronouns.
    After the death, a Facebook post apparently from Carla Alcorn said her child "went home to heaven this morning. He was out for an early morning walk and was hit by a truck. Thank you for the messages and kindness and concern you have sent our way. Please continue to keep us in your thoughts."
    Some on social media have seized on that post and reposted her message, crossing out the male pronouns and the name Josh and replacing them with female pronouns and the name Leelah.
    'He just quit talking about it'
    In Leelah's note, she explains that when she was 14, she first understood what transgender meant and "cried of happiness."
    "After 10 years of confusion I finally understood who I was. I immediately told my mom, and she reacted extremely negatively, telling me that it was a phase, that I would never truly be a girl, that God doesn't make mistakes, that I am wrong. If you are reading this, parents, please don't tell this to your kids," the note says. "Even if you are Christian or are against transgender people don't ever say that to someone, especially your kid. That won't do anything but make them hate them self. That's exactly what it did to me."
    Carla Alcorn told CNN that her child was depressed and that counselors and a psychiatrist gave the teenager medication.

    "He just quit talking about (being transgender)," she said.
    She worried Wednesday that hateful messages directed toward her and her husband are making them out to be "horrible people," she said. She has other children, she said, and they are incredibly sad about losing a sibling.
    She said that there has not been a service for the teen because people have threatened to protest.
    Her child came to her only once to talk about being transgender, Carla Alcorn insisted.
    The first time she heard the name Leelah was on the teen's suicide note.
    "He never said that name before," she said.
    'The cruelty of loneliness'
    Leelah's suicide note, however, says she struggled for a long time to gain her parents' acceptance as a transgender teen.
    "My mom started taking me to a therapist, but would only take me to christian therapists, (who were all very biased) so I never actually got the therapy I needed to cure me of my depression. I only got more christians telling me that I was selfish and wrong and that I should look to God for help."

    At 16, she wrote that she realized her "parents would never come around" and that she would have to wait until she was 18 to start any kind of medical treatment to transition to being a female.
    That, she said, "absolutely broke my heart. ... I felt hopeless, that I was just going to look like a man in drag for the rest of my life."
    Carla Alcorn recalled her teen asking for transition surgery.
    She told her child no, she said, because "we didn't have the money for anything like that."
    In her suicide note, Leelah said she cried herself to sleep that night.
    Leelah told her friends she was transgender.
    She came out as gay at school, a move that was supported by friends but made her parents angry, she wrote.

    "They wanted me to be their perfect little straight christian boy, and that's obviously not what I wanted."
    Carla Alcorn said that she took away her child's access to social media because the teen was looking at "inappropriate" things on the Internet but would not say what those things were.
    Leelah describes what it was like to not have social media to connect with friends: "This was probably the part of my life when I was the most depressed, and I'm surprised I didn't kill myself. I was completely alone for 5 months. No friends, no support, no love. Just my parents' disappointment and the cruelty of loneliness."
    It all began to feel like too much weight to the teenager, she wrote. Convinced she had few friends, and feeling the pressure of saving enough money to move out of her home, keep her grades up and face people at church who she felt had only judgment for her, she decided to end her life.
    "I'm never going to find a man who loves me," she wrote. "I'm never going to be happy."
    Give all of her things and money to the transgender civil rights movement and to transgender support groups, Leelah instructed.
    "The only way I will rest in peace is if one day transgender people aren't treated the way I was, they're treated like humans, with valid feelings and human rights. Gender needs to be taught about in schools, the earlier the better. My death needs to mean something. My death needs to be counted in the number of transgender people who commit suicide this year. ... Fix society. Please."

    Two days after the teen's death, grieving in that stomach-punch way that only parents who have to bury a child understand, Carla Alcorn kept repeating that she loved her child.
    "He was an amazing musician and artist," she said. "He was an amazing boy."
    More education, time and compassion
    Not far from where the Alcorns live, Shane Morgan was thinking a lot about Leelah.
    The executive director of the Columbus-based advocacy group TransOhio said the teen's suicide evoked memories of what it was like 15 years ago when he struggled with telling friends and family he was transgender.

    "I came out as gay. ... I didn't understand what gender identity was at that time," he said.
    As Morgan got older and met different people and had new experiences, he gained confidence and courage.
    He wrote a letter to his family and friends, telling them he was transgender. With the exception of his father and brother, he said, everyone was loving.
    Morgan said he understands the anger some people feel toward Leelah's parents, but "there's no excuse for threats to the family."
    Since Leelah's death, parents of transgender children have sent TransOhio photos and letters saying how much the tragedy has shaken them and that they love and accept their children no matter what.
    Their greatest fear is that their child will feel unloved. And statistics show that that can lead to suicides like Leelah's.

    A 2011 study by the National Center for Transgender Equality found that 41% of 6,450 responding transgender and gender nonconforming people had attempted suicide.
    If he could have talked to Leelah, Morgan would have said that he understood how tough it is and how awful it feels. He would have told her that when she got a little bit older, she would be freer to adopt another kind of family -- one of friends who would accept and cherish her.
    "I wouldn't have told her that it gets better, but it changes," he said. "There are people she could have met. I don't know if she ever met a transgender person. But she could have seen something else. She could have been given some hope."
    Aidan Key also knows well what it's like to endure a transgender adolescence. The founder of the family education and support organization Gender Diversityin Washington grew up in a fundamentalist Christian household and now works with families with deep religious beliefs to help them understand what being transgender means.
    He considers himself lucky to have a mother and twin sister who adored him regardless of his gender identity.

    "My compassion is there for the parents. All any parent wants is love for their children, for their children to live good lives. Transgender is such a new thing in society, and we've not faced it or discussed it as a society. We've kept it in a dark corner where some people still think it's some deviant sexual behavior," said Key.
    "If the parents would have reached out for more information or said 'This is a lot. We need some time,' or if they had access to a group that would welcome them to talk, that might have made the difference for Leelah."

    «Ο πατερας μου μου λει η να γινω κανονικος η να φιγο απο το σπιτι και λενε να με στιλουν σε ψιχιατρο για να γινω υποτιθετε κανονικος».

    Το παραπάνω είναι απόσπασμα από ένα γράμμα με τίτλο «Τι θ’ απογίνω;» που έλαβε η στήλη συμβουλών του περιοδικού 10% από έναν ακόμα βασανισμένο έφηβο, τον Άγγελο. Μόλις την προηγούμενη βδομάδα, μια 14χρονη λεσβία στην Αγγλία προτίμησε ν’ αυτοκτονήσει επειδή φοβόταν να πει στους θρησκόληπτους γονείς της πως είναι ομοφυλόφιλη. Λίγες βδομάδες νωρίτερα, ένας άλλος 17χρονος έγραφε στο γράμμα που έστειλε: «Στο σχολείο δέχομαι απειλές και εκβιασμούς, καθώς και πολύ άσχημη συμπεριφορά, πέρσι μέχρι και σωματική βία. Όμως τα χειρότερα τα έχω υποστεί από τους γονείς μου. «Αν είναι να μας βγεις φλούφλης, να μην επενδύουμε σε σένα!»
    Οι αυτοκτονίες, η κατάθλιψη, οι εθισμοί και οι αυτοτραυματισμοί είναι πολύ συχνότεροι σε παιδιά που είναι γκέι, αμφί ή τρανς. Θέλει ρώτημα γιατί; Σχετική έρευνα του Υπουργείου Παιδείας της Βόρειας Ιρλανδίας βρήκε ότι τα παιδιά που είναι λεσβίες, γκέι ή τρανσέξουαλ έχουν 5 φορές περισσότερες πιθανότητες να χρειαστούν φάρμακα για κατάθλιψη, 2,5 φορές περισσότερες πιθανότητες να προκαλούν αυτοτραυματισμούς και τουλάχιστον 3 φορές περισσότερες πιθανότητες να κάνουν απόπειρα αυτοκτονίας. Πολλοί κουβαλάνε αυτά τα ψυχολογικά προβλήματα και ως ενήλικες.
    Καλά, αυτά συμβαίνουν στην Αγγλία, όπου οι οικογένειες είναι διαλυμένες, θα αντιτάξουν κάποιοι. Στην Ελλάδα, όπου η οικογένεια θεωρείται ελάχιστα λιγότερο τέλεια από τον θεό, πιστεύουμε ότι η αγάπη των γονιών για τα παιδιά τους όλα τα υπερνικά και γίνονται θυσία για αυτά. Αρκεί βέβαια να μη σου βγουν ανώμαλα.

     Γιατί τότε, ξεχνάμε και δεσμούς αίματος, και θυσίες και αγάπες και ξεκινάμε το βαρύ πυροβολικό των συναισθηματικών εκβιασμών: «θα μας πεθάνεις μ’ αυτά που κάνεις», «δεν είσαι πια παιδί μας», «γιατί μας το κάνεις αυτό;» – λες και το παιδί πήγε κι έγινε γκέι από καπρίτσιο, για να τη σπάσει στους γονείς του. Κάποιοι γονείς δεν αρκούνται στους συναισθηματικούς εκβιασμούς, αλλά ασκούν κανονική βία, απειλώντας να πετάξουν το παιδί τους έξω από το σπίτι αν δεν «αλλάξει μυαλά», λες και ο σεξουαλικός προσανατολισμός μας είναι κάτι που επιλέγουμε.
    Κι εδώ ακριβώς έγκειται η ευθύνη των «ειδικών». Ακούμε και ξανακούμε ότι τα παιδιά στην εφηβεία δεν είναι ακόμα σίγουρα για τον σεξουαλικό προσανατολισμό τους, ότι ακόμα πειραματίζονται, ότι σιγά σιγά θα το ξεκαθαρίσουν μέσα τους και μετά τα είκοσι θα κατασταλάξουν, όταν έχει πήξει το μυαλό τους. Βέβαια, όλες αυτές τις μπούρδες οι ειδικοί τις λένε μόνο για τα γκέι παιδιά. Για ένα αγοράκι εφτά χρονών, που λέει ότι θα παντρευτεί την τάδε συμμαθήτριά του, δεν του λέει κανείς ποτέ: «Κάτσε να μεγαλώσεις και να κατασταλάξεις αν είσαι ετεροφυλόφιλος». Ούτε σε μια έφηβη 16 χρονών, που φαντασιώνεται σεξ με αγόρια, της λέει ποτέ κανείς ότι είναι μια «φάση που θα περάσει», ότι ακόμα «πειραματίζεται» και θα πρέπει να μεγαλώσει πρώτα για να κατασταλάξει αν τελικά της αρέσουν όντως τα αγόρια.

    Η συντριπτική πλειοψηφία των γκέι παιδιών ξέρει από πάρα πολύ μικρή ηλικία (5, 6, 7 ετών) ότι είναι γκέι. Ακόμα και σε αυτή την ηλικία, όταν ακόμα δεν ξέρει τις λέξεις, γνωρίζει βαθιά μέσα του ότι του αρέσουν παιδάκια του ίδιου φύλου, με αυτή την πρώιμη, αθώα σεξουαλικότητα που έχουν τα παιδιά εκείνης της ηλικίας. Αλλά πού να το ομολογήσουν; Το καταχωνιάζουν βαθιά μέσα τους. Κάποιοι το καταχωνιάζουν τόσο βαθιά, που ούτε οι ίδιοι δεν το «ξέρουν». Στους εκατόν πενήντα γκέι άντρες που έχουν περάσει από τις ομάδες αυτογνωσίας, σχεδόν όλοι το είχαν ψυχανεμιστεί από τα μικράτα τους, αλλά ένα σεβαστό ποσοστό το ομολόγησε στον εαυτό του μετά τα 20, κάποιοι και μετά τα 40. Κι έτσι κάνουν μια «φυσιολογική» ζωή ως ετεροφυλόφιλοι, μέχρι που αργότερα κάνουν επιτέλους μπαμ και αποδέχονται την πραγματική τους φύση.
    Η εφηβεία είναι δύσκολη περίοδος, γιατί σ’ αυτή την ηλικία διαμορφώνουμε τον εαυτό μας, αποκτούμε ταυτότητα. Η σεξουαλικότητα είναι αναπόσπαστο κομμάτι της ταυτότητάς μας και χρειαζόμαστε ένα ευνοϊκό περιβάλλον για να την εξερευνήσουμε και να την ζήσουμε. Τα γκέι αγόρια και κορίτσια πέρα από τις δυσκολίες που αντιμετωπίζουν όλοι οι έφηβοι, έχουν κι αυτό το παραπάνω βάρος: πώς θα αποδεχτούν –οι ίδιοι πρώτα– αυτή την κοινωνικά μη αποδεκτή ταμπέλα της «αδερφής», της «λεσβίας». Η οικογένεια διαδραματίζει κομβικό ρόλο σε αυτή τη διαμόρφωση της ταυτότητας του εφήβου, διευκολύνοντας ή εμποδίζοντας την ενηλικίωση του παιδιού.

    Οι περισσότεροι/ες που θα διαβάσετε αυτές τις γραμμές μάλλον θα κατακρίνετε τους άπονους γονείς του Άγγελου, που απειλούν να τον διώξουν απ’ το σπίτι. Εσείς ποτέ δεν θα φτάνατε σε τέτοιες ακρότητες. Όμως ζημιά στο παιδί σας μπορείτε να προκαλέσετε και χωρίς τέτοιους ακραίους εκβιασμούς. Αντιδράσεις όπως «ακόμα δεν ξέρεις τι σου γίνεται», «φάση είναι και θα σου περάσει», «αποκλείεται να είσαι γκέι, αφού δεν έχεις κάνει σεξ ακόμα» είναι 100% σίγουρο ότι αποκλείεται να αλλάξουν τον σεξουαλικό προσανατολισμό που έχει ήδη το παιδί σας (από 4-5). Κι είναι εξίσου σίγουρο ότι το μόνο που θα καταφέρετε με τέτοιες αντιδράσεις είναι να αποξενώσετε το παιδί σας, να ακυρώσετε το ήδη δυσκολεμένο βίωμά του και να χειροτερέψετε την ήδη εύθραυστη ψυχολογία του.
    Για να σας πει το παιδί σας ότι είναι γκέι, είναι 100% σίγουρο. Αλλιώς δεν θα ’μπαινε σ’ αυτή την ψυχοφθόρο διαδικασία. Ναι, είναι δύσκολο να δεχτείτε ότι το παιδί σας δεν θα κάνει την ετεροφυλοφιλική ζωή που πάντα ονειρευόσασταν γι’ αυτό. Αλλά αν το αγαπάτε έστω και λίγο, δεχτείτε το όπως είναι. Βία εισπράττει ήδη από την κοινωνία γι’ αυτό που είναι. Τουλάχιστον στο σπίτι του, από σας, να έχει την κατανόηση και την αγάπη που έχει τόσο ανάγκη, ειδικά σ’ αυτή τη δύσκολη ηλικία.
    Λύο Καλοβυρνάς

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